Established: 1005 AD/CE
Disestablished: 1948 AD/CE
Kalahandi State, also known as Karond State, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It was recognized as a state in 1874 and had its capital in Bhawanipatna. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1948.
Kalahandi was the largest of the 26 Feudatory states of Odisha. According to local tradition the state originated with Raja Raghunath Sai of the Naga dynasty beginning to rule the Kalahandi area in 1005, therefore the state's coat of arms had two cobras facing each other.
In August 1947 Kalahandi became part of the Eastern States Union, an entity that was formed in Rajpur and that gathered most of the princely states of Orissa and Chhattisgarh. The Eastern States Union was dissolved in 1948. The formerly princely state's territory is now within Kalahandi District.
The rulers of Kalahandi princely state were granted a hereditary salute of 9 guns by the British.